Community Readiness Model
The Community Readiness Model is an innovative method for assessing the level of readiness of a community to develop and implement prevention programming. It can be used as both a research tool to assess levels of readiness across a group of communities or as a tool to guide prevention efforts at the individual community level.
The community readiness model defines 9 stages of readiness.
- No awareness
- Vague awareness
- High Level of Community Ownership
Assessment of readiness is done for 6 key dimensions
B: Community Knowledge of Efforts
D: Community Climate
E: Community Knowledge of the Issue
A level of readiness, from 1 to 9, is assigned to each dimension. Strategy development then relies on these community readiness scores, with dimensions with the lowest levels of readiness typically being addressed first.
The process for conducting a community readiness assessment includes:
- identifying the issue,
- defining the community,
- conducting key respondent interviews,
- scoring to determine the readiness levels, and
- developing strategies consistent with those readiness levels.
Typically 6-10 key respondent interviews are conducted, with each respondent answering a set of 20-36 questions. Key respondents are carefully chosen to represent an important part of the overall community (school, government, medical). Completed interviews are independently scored by two individuals who then determine a consensus score for each dimension of each interview. Final dimension scores are obtained by averaging (dimension) scores across all interviews; the overall score is then calculated as the average of the six dimension scores.